Sophocles and the later philosophers like Plato, however, tried to balance the picture by glorifying human reason as an echo of the reasoning intelligence behind cosmic law. He says to the city counselors: Rising action involves the buildup of events until the climax.
The religious drama of ancient Greece, the temple drama of early India and Japan, the mystery cycles of medieval Europe, all have in common more than their religious content: Since no play exists without a situation, it appears impossible to detach the idea of a character from the situation in which he is placed, though it may seem possible after the experience of the whole play.
These plays started a characteristic style of English domestic comedy still recognizable in London comedy today. In Kabuki there can be moments of realism but also whole episodes of mime and acrobatics ; there can be moments of slapstick but also moments of violent passion.
In their representations of life, classical Japanese and Chinese drama are the most conventional and nonrealistic in world theatre. His delicate romantic tales leap time and place by simple suggestion and mingle courtly humour and lighthearted wit with charming sentiment and religious piety.
Such self-knowledge was supposed to be a lifelong pursuit and would lead to wisdom, balance, harmony, moderation, control, and good judgment. The Chorus sings this famous ode to human achievement.
Thus, it was sufficient for the ancient Greek dramatist Aeschylus to have only two speaking male actors who wore various masks, typed for sex, age, class, and facial expression. The protagonist has never been further from accomplishing their goal. The Chorus does not defy Creon as Antigone does, but they do give feedback to him at critical points.
It is not surprising that they selected their themes from every Renaissance problem of order and authority, of passion and reason, of good and evil and explored every comic attitude to people and society with unsurpassed vigour and vision. Drama is a conventional game, and spectators cannot participate if the rules are constantly broken.
Creon has just confronted Antigone, who boasts that she defied the decree and buried her brother. This extreme theatricality lent to artists and audiences an imaginative freedom upon which great theatre could thrive.
Common elements of drama Despite the immense diversity of drama as a cultural activity, all plays have certain elements in common. Also, it is no more than a paragraph long while summarizing the main points of the story.
Differences between plays arise from differences in conditions of performance, in local conventions, in the purpose of theatre within the community, and in cultural history.
For one test of great drama is how far it can take the spectator beyond his own immediate reality and to what use this imaginative release can be put. The gods also weigh in through omens, and the prophesy of the seer, Teiresias. For drama is a reactive art, moving constantly in time, and any convention that promotes a deep response while conserving precious time is of immeasurable value.
The purpose of tragedy then is to show how humans bring fate down on themselves. Since drama is such a complex process of communication, its study and evaluation is as uncertain as it is mercurial. As novelists developed greater naturalism in both content and style, dramatists too looked to new and more realistic departures: From at least the 10th century the clerics of the Roman Catholic Church enacted the simple Latin liturgy of the Quem quaeritis?
Drama is the most wide-ranging of all the arts: When Antigone is led away to her death the Chorus sings: Creon ironically says this to the Counsellors before he tells them his first law, forbidding the burial of Polyneices.
This phase demonstrates how the protagonist overcomes these obstacles. Thus, verse drama may embrace a wide variety of nonrealistic aural and visual devices: In every generation, the curse strikes down another victim. In this drama, place could be shifted with a license that would have astonished the most romantic of Elizabethan dramatists, the action could leap back in time in a way reminiscent of the flashback of the modern cinema, and events could be telescoped with the abandon of Expressionism.
The Chorus addresses the devastated Creon, who is alone after all his family has died through his mistake.Dramatic literature, the texts of plays that can be read, as distinct from being seen and heard in performance. The term dramatic literature implies a contradiction in that literature originally meant something written and drama meant something mint-body.com of the problems, and much of the interest, in the study of dramatic literature stem.
Poetics (Penguin Classics) [Aristotle, Malcolm Heath] on mint-body.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Essential reading for all students of Greek theatre and literature, and equally stimulating for anyone interested in literature In the Poetics.
A plot device is a means of advancing the plot in a story.
It is often used to motivate characters, create urgency, or resolve a difficulty. This can be contrasted with moving a story forward with dramatic technique; that is, by making things happen because characters take action for well-developed reasons.
Antigone: Top Ten Quotes, Free Study Guides and book notes including comprehensive chapter analysis, complete summary analysis, author biography information, character profiles, theme analysis, metaphor analysis, and top ten quotes on classic literature.
Among the most influential books in Western civilization, Aristotle's Poetics is really a treatise on fine art. In it are mentioned not only epic and dithyrambic poetry, but tragedy, comedy, and flute and lyre playing.
The Greek Tragedy of Oedipus the King - A Greek tragedy is one with a tragic outcome that is an inevitable result of the key character's personal flaws.Download