Similarities and differences between psychodynamic and humanistic approaches in counseling

In contrasting the Person-Centred Approach with Cognitive Behaviour Therapy in relation to their differing theoretical rationale Cognitive Behavioural Therapy sees behaviour as being a learned response whereas the Person Centred view is that clients have not been able to have previously self-actualised.

By helping clients to recognise negative thought patterns they can learn new positive ways of thinking which ultimately will affect their feelings and their behaviour. The psychodynamic view is more negative and pessimistic, whereas the humanistic view is that mostly all people are good.

By gaining this insight the client will achieve a new perspective which will form the basis for healing and change. When comparing the similarities between the Psychodynamic Approach and Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, change could occur through the uncovering of schemas, which is similar to bringing the unconscious into conscious awareness.

By changing thoughts, we can change the way in which we react to situations and events. Humanists are more simplistic, believing in a unified self and that "people just are who they are. They both have a positive view of human nature and view the individual as not necessarily being a product of their past experiences, but acknowledge that they are able to determine their own futures.

Humanists believe that conscious thoughts and feelings shape behavior. The aim is to make the unconscious conscious in order for the client to gain insight. The Cognitive Behavioural Approach is based upon the theoretical rationale that the way in which we feel and behave is determined by how we perceive and structure our experience.

By this process, change will occur and the client will be better equipped to understand the connections between past events and present behaviour. The humanist therapist believes in conscious acts and that humans make their own decisions, not unconscious drives.

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy believes that change is possible and focuses on behaviour rather than on emotions. These three systems are the ID, which is innate sexual and aggressive drives; the ego, which is the conscious part of the brain that mediates between reality and unconscious, and finally the super ego, this controls the primitive impulses of the Id and often represents moral ideals Satterfield, Differing Goals The goals of psychodynamic and humanistic therapists are very different.

There are a few different ways to study the mind and all of them have their own significant contributions to the field. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy sees functioning or dysfunctioning as being a learned response to external stimuli.

Psychologists try to delve into the basic functions of a person and animals cerebral activity. Psychodynamics denotes three elements of the personality: This usually involves studying relationships, emotions, personality and many more areas of a person or animals day to day life.

Psychodynamics believes that behavior is determined, while the humanist believes that behavior is free choice and free will.

Bookmark Three of the main forms of counselling can sometimes be confusing. Freud said that "patients could only expect to change their hysterical misery into common unhappiness. It is concerned with understanding subjective human needs. By combining the humanistic and psychodynamic view to focus on the conscious and unconscious as equally responsible parts for the cause of psychological disorders, we could further research about the brain and its behavior.

The super-ego and the self-concept, both describe internalised rules and moral values which have been imposed upon us by significant others. Many of our schemas were put in place when we were very young and stem from childhood, this learned response and behaviour could be linked to the Psychodynamic intervention of linking childhood events and associated feelings to current problems.

This relationship is all that is necessary to bring about change and with no threat of being judged, the client learns to perceive their world from a new perspective and gains the ability to self-actualise with felt senses connecting the different aspects of their particular issues.

In Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, this process of change occurs by means of education, and by bringing these thought patterns into awareness behavioural change will occur.

What are They? Comparing and Contrasting Three of the Main Counselling Approaches

It also allows treatment for psychological disorders based on these theories. The Purpose of this article is to compare and contrast two of the more popular theories and one that is still prevalent but no longer as widely accepted.

Time factors and costs would also need to be taken into consideration. By combining the two views into one harmonious holistic view, a healthier approach to treating the mind and psychological disorders could be formed.

The psychodynamic view was developed by Sigmund Freud.

A Comparison of Psychodynamic and Humanistic Therapy

Both have made significant contributions and have been a platform for different views, though they differ in their approaches completely. They encouraging responsibility for their actions by focusing on bringing emotions into the present and dealing with them.Compare and Contrast the Humanistic and Psychodynamic Model of Counselling Theories however it is possible to draw similarities and differences to all aspects of these fields.

The main fields deal with the different approaches used by various psychologists throughout history. in order to work out which is more beneficial for. The humanistic and existential theories of psychology are often confused.

In this lesson, we'll look at the similarities of and differences between. The similarities and differences between client-centered and psychodynamic therapies are: Client-centered therapy: An approach to counseling where the client determines the general direction of therapy, while the therapist seeks to increase the client's insightful self-understanding through informal.

Compare And Contrast The Humanistic And Psychodynamic Model Of Counselling Theories

The similarities and differences between client-centered and psychodynamic therapies are: Client-centered therapy: An approach to counseling where the client determines the general direction of therapy, while the therapist seeks to increase the client's insightful self-understanding through informal simplified questions.

The client is the focal. Transcript of The Comparison of Psychodynamic and Humanistic Perspectives. The Comparison of Psychodynamic and Humanistic Perspectives. How are these differences reflected in your visual comparison?

The two theories have one undeniable, elephant in the room, difference, Psychodynamic is more of a desicion making process. Freuds psychodynamic approach and rogers humanistic approach.

Print Reference “The Psychodynamic approach emphasises unconscious dynamics within the individual such as inner forces, conflict or the movement of instinctual energy” In conclusion there may be a few similarities within each approach however each approach could not be.

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Similarities and differences between psychodynamic and humanistic approaches in counseling
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